ICHEI

International Centre for Higher Education Innovation
under the auspices of UNESCO

Egypt

January 8, 2018
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UNESCO-ICHEI, SUSTech and Ain Shams University in Egypt have signed a MOU to substantiate their cooperation. The Smart Classroom, sponsored by Weidong Cloud Education Group, UNESCO-ICHEI and SUSTech is going to be established in the Faculty of Engineering, ASU.

1.Higher Education in Egypt

General responsibility for education in Egypt is divided between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education. The Ministry of Education oversees preschool, primary, preparatory and secondary education, while the Ministry of Higher Education oversees postsecondary education. The Supreme Council of Universities sets overall policy and supervises the establishment of new institutions.

The Ministry of Higher Education supervises the tertiary level of education. There are a number of universities catering to students in diverse fields. At the tertiary level, there were a total of 2,646,000 students enrolled across all levels in 2010, with 19 percent of those enrolled in a private institution and 51 percent female. The gross enrollment ratio at the tertiary level was 32 percent in 2010, above the regional average of 24 percent for Arab States and also above the world average of 29 percent.

In an article of Nick Clark in World Education News & Reviews, Egypt’s youth are calling for a reform of the tertiary system such that it would better meet the needs of the labor market and produce employable graduates in an economic environment where opportunities have stalled and jobs have become increasingly hard to come by. For the 21.3 million Egyptians aged 15 to 29, the unemployment rate stood at a dizzying 77.5 percent in 2012, while the overall unemployment rate rose to 12.6 percent according to statistics from CAPMAS, the state statistics agency.

Degree Programs of Egypt

Egypt is known to have the best and the largest education system in the Middle east and North Africa and it is still growing at the fast pace since 1990. The Government of Egypt is also taking various promotional measures to improve the education system in the country. For this purpose, they are hiring teachers on merit basis to improve the standard of education for the children.

Education System

Presently the following system of Education is being followed in Egypt. It is fundamentally divided into 2 stages:

1.  School Education (Pre Higher Education): Ministry of Education holds an authority on this stage.
2.   Higher Education: Ministry of Higher education holds an authority on this stage.

As far as higher education is concerned, the same is provided by public and private universities in Egypt which are providing their students both professional and technical training. Ministry of Higher education and scientific research takes responsibility of these universities. All the operations of the universities including administration, degree courses are determined by laws and government regulations. University of Cairo and Alexandria also provide facility of open college education. Private Universities in Egypt can set their own criteria regarding courses and fees without any intervention from the Ministry.

 

2.Egypt 2030 Vision

Egypt has casted a complete version for where it sees itself in 2030. Its main focus is sustainability. The plan has multiple axes but ICT is an enabler for all axes from health to education to resource efficiency. This justifies the investments allocated and the vested interest in modernizing the ICT infrastructure.

A full description of Egypt 2030 vision can be found through the following link http://www.cabinet.gov.eg/English/GovernmentStrategy/Pages/Egypt%E2%80%99sVision2030.aspx

3.Existing ICT Policy in Egypt

Egypt has started moving towards ICT in 1992 when it launched a major program to train university graduates to become world class programmers. This came with the re-organization of the ministry of communications and transport to become the ministry of communications and information technology (MCIT). MCIT took over the transformation of the Egyptian economy to be ready for the digital age. They expanded their program from software programming to include electronic design, embedded systems and mechatronics. The country has invested a portion of its revenues off air licensing to foster this transformation.

Initiatives:
·Lowering internet access pricing
·Raising bandwidth
·Allowing mobile internet
·Liberating the telecom market
·Expand training opportunities as well as creating faculties of information technology in many universities in addition to normal computer and software engineering graduates
·Significantly upgrade ICT infrastructure
·Creation of the information technology authority. ITIDA
·Creation of ICT startup funding mechanisms
·E-Government initiative
·Creating the Egyptian Knowledge Bank (EKB)
·Support Small and Medium Enterprises in ICT sector

 
 
 

4.Objectives

·Build knowledge-centric society
·Increase youth employability.
·Improve citizen’s quality of life
·Improve resource utilization
·Improve service efficiency

Telecommunications and ICT are pivotal in Egypt’s development plans in the past two decades and Egypt’s 2030 vision outlined by the Egyptian president.

Four of the important initiatives in the education sector are:
Virtual Labs;
Thinking in 3D;
Drama Based Learning;
Interactive e-Book

For the health sector, ICT projects completed are:

IT Health Master Plan;
National Healthcare Capacity Building Project;
Women’s Health Outreach Program;
Health Insurance Student Hospital Development – Abou El Reish;
Updating Alexandria Regional Centre for Women’s Health & Development;
Information System Unit in Public Hospitals;
Digital Medical Files (Family Health Units);
Suez Insurance Hospital Development;
Human Resources Training at Health Ministry;
National Project for Integrated system of X-ray Transfer

Other aspects of the ICT policy in Egypt include e-government, e-content, Green ICT and ICT for legislative services.

5.ICT in Ain Shams University

Given the vast size of ASU into 19 faculties with close to 250,000 students. Faculty and staff members, ASU recognizes the importance of ICT in its operation. There are different venues moving at different paces. ICT is recognized as the pivot for modernizing ASU going into the future. Some of the steps taken and on-going are

·Automating student information system (SIS) in multiple faculties and working on the rest
·Disseminating Learning Management Systems (LMS) in multiple faculties
·Creating a central portal for the entire university with modules for managing faculty affairs, campus services, and asset management.
·Enhancing the use of computing facilities and servers in and intra-faculties
·Enhancing IT services
·Library modernization
·Built a VR lab within the faculty of engineering.
·Encouraged professors to build e-content for their courses by paying monetary incentives as well as provide support by building the content for the professor even starting from paper-based lecture notes,

Spread basic digital technology in class rooms and lecture halls from computers to data-show projectors.

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