DjiboutiJanuary 8, 2018
On 23 February, UNESCO-ICHEI Delegation visited Djibouti. Dr Fahmi Ahmed, Adviser of the Minister of Higher Education and Research and Dr Djama Mohamed Hassan, President of University of Djibouti showed the Delegation around the new campus and several other campuses. Dr Djama and Dr LI Ming signed MOU and explored details on further cooperation between UNESCO-ICHEI and University of Djibouti, including ICT application in pedagogy, quality education resources like MOOC, distance learning and TVET. University of Djibouti also agreed to help recruit candidates for SUSTech’s undergraduate fellowship programme. The Smart Classroom, sponsored by Weidong Cloud Education Group, UNESCO-ICHEI and SUSTech is going to be established in University of Djibouti.
1.Higher Education in Djibouti
The education system of Djibouti is strongly influenced by France. Institutions of higher learning in the country include the University of Djibouti. According to Ministry of Education’s Strategic Document for Higher Education and Research 2015-2019, Djibouti is facing following challenges in higher education.
The Challenge of Quantity
Pressures on the education system will intensify because of steady demographic growth. According to UNESCO Institute for Statistics the gross enrolment ratio increases from 2.55% in 2006 to 4.99% in 2011. More than 8000 students enrolled in higher education for the 2014-2015, a number that is constantly increasing.
The university campus was designed for 10,000 university students. In 2017, 9548 students were enrolled into University of Djibouti reaching the limit of its capacity. There is an expressed wish to facilitate the realization of a second campus of a comparable size that will add to the existing capacity and, before the end of the decade, assist in offering a more holistic framework for welcoming students. Elsewhere, in order to improve the conditions of students living far from campus, a university restaurant and bus system will be put in place.
The Challenge of Quality
The quality challenge is that of responding accurately to the needs of the growing national economy in order to insure employment to an increasing amount of graduates as well as supplying skills that will enable graduates to create jobs in the future (rather than only taking jobs). This managerial culture is expected to make the engineering students the engine of the economy by taking advantage of the different opportunities of macro-level development projects (new roads, railroads, ports, etc.) as well as the future development of geothermal, wind, and solar energy in order to contribute to the betterment of the Republic of Djibouti.
It is in this way that the University of Djibouti is pushing itself more and more towards the establishment of high level areas of study that are accessible through examinations.
Finally, given the geopolitical context, a bilingual, or better yet a trilingual environment must become the golden rule enforced at the University of Djibouti in order to ensure the excellence of its programs.
This would take place over the 2015-2019 period in the following form
1-Support for the Faculty of Engineering (supplying necessary equipment) Opened in 2013
2-Establishment of a Faculty of Business Expected in 2015/16
3-Establishment of a Faculty of Architecture Expected in 2015/16
4-Establishment of an Entrepreneurship Center at the University of Djibouti
5-Establishment of a University Centre of Language Education
These establishments, starting with the current Faculty of Engineering, will function in direct partnership with renowned foreign universities in order to ensure quality pedagogy as well as the possibility of further or complementary student in these same universities for our best graduates (with a scholarship).
2.University of Djibouti
By now, the university has 7 faculties: Faculty of Law, Economy and Management, Faculty of Literature, Languages and Social Sciences, Faculty of Science, University Institute of Technology, University Institute of Industrial Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Medicine.
The number of students have increased greatly from 461 in 2001 to 9548 in 2017.